Somewhat surprisingly, a number of air regulations apply in a retail setting, both related to operations and to product sales. The main operational areas with air regulations that retailers should know about are refrigeration and cooling equipment because common refrigerants are ozone-depleting substances or greenhouse gases or both, and emergency generators, which are typically powered by engines that emit pollutants. Other areas that have air regulations are fueling stations, ammonia refrigeration, asbestos removal, and large boilers. On the product side, there are regulations related to emission standards for vehicles and products with motors such as mowers and garden equipment, and sales of products that emit chemicals such as volatile organic compounds (VOC). Air regulations can be federal as well as state and local.  

The RCC has a number of resources related to air regulations that apply in retail including introductory information as well as detailed reviews of regulations and variations in state requirements. 

Air Resources

Introductory Resources

Air Regulations

Air regulations that typically apply in retail such as refrigeration, boilers, asbestos, emergency generators, and fuel stations.

Appliances and Electronics

Regulations for this department include hazardous waste, e-waste, and refrigerants.


Regulatory areas that apply to grocery retailers from food waste, air emissions, refrigeration, to hazardous and universal waste, and product sales.

Home Improvement

Environmental issues about home improvement products including hazardous waste, pesticides, and operational issues such as stormwater and home repair.

Product Compliance and Toxins Regulations

Product-level environmental regulations such as FIFRA, TSCA, state chemical regulations and VOC standards.

Vehicles Sales, Maintenance and Products

Environmental regulations for retail sales of all types of vehicles, vehicle service and repair shops as well as related products such as batteries.

Store Operations

Environmental issues related to all aspects of retail operations including maintenance, hazardous materials, boilers, pest management, HVAC and more.

Detailed Regulatory Resources

Emergency Generator Fact Sheet

Detailed look at emergency generator air regulations including regulatory requirements and federal compliance options.

Refrigerant Fact Sheet

Covers air regulations and management requirements that apply in retail covering refrigeration and A/C equipment, ammonia refrigeration systems.

Volatile Organic Compounds Fact Sheet

Information on federal and state regulations that set VOC standards for consumer products.

California Environmental Regulatory Structure Fact Sheet

An introduction to California regulatory agencies and environmental requirements that apply in retail including a discussion of enforcement trends.

Volatile Organic Compounds Matrix

Federal and state standards for allowable VOC compounds in specific retail products such as air fresheners, cleaners, adhesives, and more.

Emergency Generator Permitting Matrix

State by state permitting options and exemptions for emergency generators including general permits, permit by rule, construction operation permits.

  • Air

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