Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste management is one of the more significant compliance areas for retailers.  Compliance can be difficult as hazardous waste regulations (at the federal level, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act or RCRA) were not designed for retail, requirements can vary by state, and some hazardous waste classifications seem to defy common sense. Retailers are responsible of identifying and properly handling, which includes labeling, storage, shipping, tracking, and training requirements, waste that is considered hazardous. This includes unsalable products that may be broken, damaged, expired or otherwise cannot be sold or used and therefore might be considered hazardous waste under federal or state regulations. Depending on the jurisdiction, this can include items such as chemicals, cleaning products, personal care products and pharmaceuticals. Some operational waste such as used batteries, used oil, cleaning products, may also be considered hazardous waste.  

Hazardous Waste Resources

Introductory Resources

Store Departments

Overview of environmental requirements that apply in different retail departments.

Hazardous Waste Regulations

Regulations for the proper management and disposal or recycling of hazardous and universal wastes found in retail.

State Variations

Hazardous Waste Generator Improvement Rule Matrix

State-by-state tracking of implementation of the Hazardous Waste Generator Improvement Rule.

Variations In Hazardous Waste Generator Reporting

Overview of variations in hazardous waste reporting by state for routine periodic reporting and requirements for manifest submissions.

Hazardous Waste Variations by State Matrix

Overview of state variations in hazardous waste regulations under RCRA, including hazardous waste characteristics, thresholds, and universal waste.

Pharm Rule State Implementation Matrix

Tracks state adoption of pharmaceutical hazardous waste regulations, including nicotine.

Aerosols As Universal Waste Rule Tracking Matrix

State-by-state tracking of adoption of the EPA rule to list aerosol cans as universal waste.

Other Resources

eWaste Matrix

Overview of state legislation with requirements for retailers on managing waste electronic products or ewaste.

Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act

Detailed look at the management, enforcement, and disposal of pesticides under FIFRA.

Refrigerant Fact Sheet

Covers air regulations and management requirements that apply in retail covering refrigeration and A/C equipment, ammonia refrigeration systems.

  • Hazardous Waste

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